Will snap benefits increase?

Will snap benefits increase?

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as food stamps, is a federal program that provides nutrition assistance to low-income individuals and families. It is the largest anti-hunger program in the United States, serving over 40 million people in 2019. With the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and its economic impact, there has been a growing concern about the adequacy of SNAP benefits and whether they will increase to meet the needs of those who rely on them. In this article, we will explore the current state of SNAP benefits and the factors that may influence their potential increase.

The Current State of SNAP Benefits

The amount of SNAP benefits a household receives is based on the Thrifty Food Plan (TFP), which is the cost of a nutritionally adequate diet for a family of four. The TFP is updated annually to reflect changes in food prices and dietary recommendations. However, the TFP has been criticized for not accurately reflecting the true cost of a healthy diet, especially for low-income households. As a result, many families struggle to stretch their SNAP benefits to cover their food needs.

In 2020, the average monthly SNAP benefit per person was $127. This amount has not increased significantly in recent years, with the last notable increase occurring in 2009 as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. This lack of increase has led to concerns about the adequacy of SNAP benefits, especially in light of the rising cost of living and food prices.

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The Impact of COVID-19 on SNAP Benefits

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about unprecedented challenges for low-income households, including those who rely on SNAP benefits. As millions of Americans lost their jobs and faced financial insecurity, the demand for SNAP benefits increased significantly. In April 2020, the number of SNAP recipients reached an all-time high of 43 million people, an increase of 17% from the previous year.

In response to the pandemic, the Families First Coronavirus Response Act was passed in March 2020, providing additional funding for SNAP benefits. This included a temporary 15% increase in benefits for all SNAP households, as well as a suspension of work requirements and time limits for able-bodied adults without dependents. These changes were intended to provide much-needed relief for families struggling to put food on the table during the pandemic.

However, the temporary increase in SNAP benefits is set to expire on September 30, 2021. This has raised concerns about the potential impact on families who have come to rely on the increased benefits to meet their basic needs. Without an extension or permanent increase in benefits, many households may face food insecurity and struggle to make ends meet.

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Factors That May Influence an Increase in SNAP Benefits

There are several factors that may influence the potential increase in SNAP benefits. These include economic conditions, political decisions, and changes in dietary recommendations.

Economic Conditions

The state of the economy plays a significant role in determining the level of SNAP benefits. As the cost of living and food prices continue to rise, it becomes increasingly challenging for low-income households to afford a healthy diet. Inflation and changes in food prices are taken into account when determining the TFP, but these adjustments may not accurately reflect the true cost of living for low-income families.

Additionally, the unemployment rate and job market conditions can also impact the need for SNAP benefits. As more people lose their jobs or face reduced hours and wages, the demand for SNAP benefits increases. This was evident during the COVID-19 pandemic, where the unemployment rate reached a record high, and the number of SNAP recipients also increased significantly.

Political Decisions

The decision to increase SNAP benefits ultimately lies with the government. In recent years, there have been debates and discussions about the adequacy of SNAP benefits and whether they should be increased. Some argue that increasing benefits would be a more effective way to combat food insecurity and poverty, while others believe that it would be too costly and could discourage individuals from seeking employment.

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Political decisions also play a role in determining the funding for SNAP benefits. The program is funded through the federal budget, and any changes or increases in benefits would require approval from Congress. This means that political priorities and budget constraints can impact the likelihood of an increase in SNAP benefits.

Changes in Dietary Recommendations

The TFP, which is used to determine SNAP benefits, is based on dietary recommendations from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). As these recommendations change, so does the TFP, which can impact the level of SNAP benefits. For example, in 2019, the USDA updated its dietary guidelines to include a higher recommended intake of fruits and vegetables. This change could potentially lead to an increase in the TFP and, therefore, SNAP benefits.

Case Studies: States That Have Increased SNAP Benefits

While there has not been a significant increase in SNAP benefits at the federal level, some states have taken action to increase benefits for their residents. These case studies provide insight into the potential impact of increasing SNAP benefits and the factors that influence these decisions.


In 2019, California became the first state to provide a state-funded supplement to SNAP benefits. The state’s CalFresh program, which is the state’s version of SNAP, provides an additional $10 per month for individuals and $20 per month for households. This increase was made possible through a state budget allocation of $112 million.

The decision to increase SNAP benefits in California was influenced by the high cost of living in the state, which makes it challenging for low-income households to afford a healthy diet. The state also recognized the potential long-term benefits of investing in nutrition assistance, such as improved health outcomes and reduced healthcare costs.


In 2020, Massachusetts announced a 15% increase in SNAP benefits for all households in the state. This increase was made possible through a federal waiver that allowed states to provide emergency allotments to SNAP recipients during the COVID-19 pandemic. The state also extended the waiver to include households that were not previously eligible for SNAP benefits, such as college students and legal immigrants.

The decision to increase SNAP benefits in Massachusetts was driven by the state’s high cost of living and the recognition that many families were struggling to afford food during the pandemic. The state also acknowledged the potential economic benefits of increasing SNAP benefits, such as stimulating the local economy and reducing healthcare costs.


The question of whether SNAP benefits will increase is a complex one, with many factors at play. While there is no definitive answer, it is clear that there is a growing need for an increase in benefits to adequately support low-income households. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of nutrition assistance programs like SNAP and the need for them to be responsive to economic and societal changes.

Ultimately, the decision to increase SNAP benefits lies with the government, and it will require a combination of economic, political, and social factors to make it a reality. However, the case studies of states that have taken action to increase benefits provide hope and demonstrate the potential benefits of investing in nutrition assistance for low-income families. As we continue to navigate the challenges of the pandemic and its aftermath, it is crucial to prioritize the well-being of those who rely on SNAP benefits and ensure that they have access to adequate nutrition to lead healthy and productive lives.

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